Circular Statistics

The mean of eleven o’clock and one o’clock is not six o’clock, so why does your calculator keep telling that it is?  Quantities that are cyclical, or circular, in nature need to be approached differently than quantities on a noncyclical scale.  These cyclical quantities are commonly encountered in directions (e.g., degrees or radians) and time… Read More Circular Statistics

Rapid evolution in ecological restorations

Rapid evolution can occur in a time frame as short as one generation, which has implications for how species will respond to human-induced environmental changes. Rapid evolution is likely to occur during the initiation of ecological restorations, because managers often use seeds or propagules that are maladapted to the restoration environment. This may occur because… Read More Rapid evolution in ecological restorations